Phonics

PHONICS & READING

Here at Upton phonics is taught daily to all children in Nursery, Reception and Key Stage One.  We use the progressive phases of the 'Letters and Sounds' programme to teach children the letters of the alphabet and their matching sounds (sound - symbol correspondence). We sometimes use songs and actions and a range of resources from phonic schemes to help us remember our sounds. 

The children are taught to read words by blending, which means pushing all the sounds together to make a word.  The children are taught to spell words by segmenting, which means sounding out words and writing down, in sequence, the sounds they can hear.

As children progress through these early stages of reading, it is crucial to link focused reading of specific texts thta include the phonic sounds that they are learning. Our reading schemes 'code' these texts to both enable all children to apply the phonic knowledge that they learn and also to engage them in intersesting and engaging literature.

By the end of Reception children are expected to know all Phase Three sounds.  By the end of Year One all children are expected to know all Phase Five sounds.  When finishing Key Stage Two, most children at are secure in Phase Six sounds.  This phase moves away from learning sounds and focuses on spelling rules and patterns.

At the end of Year One all the children in the country take a test called a Phonics Screening.  They have to read a mixture of 40 real and nonsense words.  We call the nonsense words ‘Alien words’ and the children practice reading them every day.  This enables us to assess progress and to ensure that children learning at a slower pace are given additional support throughout KS1 and beyond, and equally to challenge other children to accelerate their progress in reading.

If you have any questions or would like any further support please come and speak to the Phonics Leader, or to your child’s class teacher. 

For more information on the Letters & Sounds programme, click here